Glossary of ALS-Related Medical and Scientific Terms
(Presented by The ALS Association Greater New York Chapter)
Select a letter from the list above.
A condition in which the patient has lost touch with reality and experiences hallucinations and misperceptions.
Not a disease itself, but group of symptoms that is characterized by a decline in intellectual functioning that is severe enough to interfere with the ability to perform routine activities.
Extensions from the neuron cell body that take information to the cell body. A single nerve may possess many dendrites.
One of two types of molecules that encode genetic information
An enzyme present in the body that converts levodopa to dopamine.
A chemical substance, a neurotransmitter, found in the brain that regulates movement, balance, and walking.
A protein in nerve cells that helps move materials inside the cells
Impaired speech and language due to weakness or stiffness in the muscles used for speaking.
An involuntary movement including athetosis and chorea.
Difficulty in swallowing.
A slow movement or extended spasm in a group of muscles.
A protein, a chemical substance made by muscle fibers.